ENDOSCOPIC TREATMENT OF MULTIPLE PANCREATIC ABSCESSES CASE REPORT AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE
Biomedical Papers of the Faculty of Medicine of Palacky University
AIMS: Pancreatic abscesses are treated surgically and the role of endotherapy is still to be established. We describe the case of successful endoscopic management of two pancreatic abscesses in a critically ill patient. METHODS: A patient was admitted to the hospital for severe acute pancreatitis. One month later the patient developed pancreatic sepsis. CT scan showed two large abscesses. The first was bulging to the posterior wall of the stomach and another at the tail of the pancreas.
... al antibiotic therapy was administered. The clinical status of the patient rapidly deteriorated and the patient was unfit for surgical intervention. The endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography was performed. The pancreatic duct communicated with the abscess at the tail of the pancreas. The drainage of this abscess was done transpapillarily. Endoscopic cystogastrostomy was performed to treat the pancreatic abscess that bulged to the posterior gastric wall. A double nasocystic tube was placed for continuous lavage of the abscess. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was cultured and antibiotics were administered according to sensitivity tests. The clinical status returned gradually to normal. A follow-up CT scan 4 months later showed complete resolution of abscesses. RESULT: The drainage of the abscesses was done by the means of endoscopic cystogastrostomy and transpapillary stent insertion. This was a minimally invasive intervention, by which we avoided surgical intervention that bears significant mortality and morbidity. CONCLUSION: Endoscopic drainge of pancreatic abscesses may be the therapy of choice in such patients mainly because it does not prevent the chance of subsequent surgical intervention if needed. ABBREVIATIONS Pancreatic pseudocysts (PPs), computed tomography (CT), pancreatic abscesses (PABS).