An electronic neuromorphic system for real-time detection of high frequency oscillations (HFO) in intracranial EEG

Mohammadali Sharifshazileh, Karla Burelo, Johannes Sarnthein, Giacomo Indiveri
2021 Nature Communications  
AbstractThe analysis of biomedical signals for clinical studies and therapeutic applications can benefit from embedded devices that can process these signals locally and in real-time. An example is the analysis of intracranial EEG (iEEG) from epilepsy patients for the detection of High Frequency Oscillations (HFO), which are a biomarker for epileptogenic brain tissue. Mixed-signal neuromorphic circuits offer the possibility of building compact and low-power neural network processing systems
more » ... can analyze data on-line in real-time. Here we present a neuromorphic system that combines a neural recording headstage with a spiking neural network (SNN) processing core on the same die for processing iEEG, and show how it can reliably detect HFO, thereby achieving state-of-the-art accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity. This is a first feasibility study towards identifying relevant features in iEEG in real-time using mixed-signal neuromorphic computing technologies.
doi:10.1038/s41467-021-23342-2 pmid:34035249 fatcat:diqxwvvqjrcnphq77m6byj53hi