Stent-Assisted Mechanical Recanalization for Treatment of Acute Intracerebral Artery Occlusions

C. Roth, P. Papanagiotou, S. Behnke, S. Walter, A. Haass, C. Becker, K. Fassbender, M. Politi, H. Korner, M. - S. Romann, W. Reith
2010 Stroke  
and Purpose-The purpose of this study was to demonstrate a new approach to the use of a self-expanding stent in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke. Methods-Twenty-two consecutive patients with acute intracerebral artery occlusions were treated with a self-expandable intracranial stent, which was withdrawn in its unfolded state. For this technique, we used the Solitaire AB/FR, which is the only intracranial stent that is fully recoverable. Eight patients had an occlusion of the basilar
more » ... f the basilar artery, 12 had a middle cerebral artery occlusion, and 2 had terminal carotid artery occlusions; 6 of these had to be treated first for an acute occlusion originating in the internal carotid artery. Recanalization results were assessed by follow-up angiography immediately after the procedure. Neurologic status was evaluated before and after treatment (90-day follow-up) according to the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale and modified Rankin scale. Results-Successful revascularization was achieved in 20 of 22 (90.9%) patients (thrombolysis in cerebral infarction [TICI] 2a/b and 3), a TICI 3 state was accomplished in 12 patients, and partial recanalization or slow distal branch filling with filling of more than two-thirds of the vessel territory was achieved in 8 patients (TICI 2b). There was immediate flow restoration in 21 of 22 (95.4%) cases after deployment of the device. The stent was removed in its unfolded state in all patients. The mean time from stroke symptom onset to recanalization was 277 minutes, with a standard deviation of 118 minutes. Mean National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score on admission was 19.4, with a standard deviation of 5.7. Almost two-thirds of the patients (63.6%) improved by Ͼ10 points on the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale at discharge, and 50% showed a modified Rankin scale score of Յ2 at 90 days (59% with a modified Rankin scale Յ3). Mortality was 18.1%. In 1 case, an asymptomatic intracranial hemorrhage was detected on control computed tomography, and 2 patients had a symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage. Conclusion-Withdrawal of an unfolded, fully recoverable, intracranial stent yielded very promising angiographic and clinical results. It combines the advantages of prompt flow restoration and mechanical thrombectomy. (Stroke. 2010;41:2559-2567.) Abstract 6 Abstract Stroke 2010; 41: 2559-2567
doi:10.1161/strokeaha.110.592071 pmid:20947848 fatcat:rbzgpds7gveqppcd5d5st5jnhu