Fire prediction for a non-sanitary landfill "Bubanj" in Serbia

Emina Mihajlovic, Lidija Milosevic, Jasmina Radosavljevic, Amelija Djordjevic, Ivan Krstic
2016 Thermal Science  
This paper reviews the state of the Bubanj landfill near the city of Nis, Serbia, which has been used for 47 years, and which is categorized as a non-sanitary landfill. We utilised the LandGEM 3.02 model, for estimating landfill gas emission rates, to calculate the amount of landfill gases. Additionally, we measured the amount and composition of landfill gas in section S4 of the landfill from July 2014 to June 2015. We utilised the ALOHA software to estimate the fire-vulnerable zone. The
more » ... le zone. The results of our analysis show that the measured average methane emission is higher than the calculated emission. The difference between the measured average emission and calculated emission of methane is logical, as the measurements were performed in an active section, where methane emission higher than in inactive sections is to be expected. Based on the measured methane emissions during one year, we conclude that the methane emission drops as the ambient temperature drops. This paper showcases the state of the Bubanj landfill, which is highly unsatisfactory in terms of environmental and fire protection because of landfill gas generation.
doi:10.2298/tsci160105129m fatcat:7vtucfgzljdg7d7cwqer7nehyi