Potential Novel Ovarian Cancer Treatment Targeting Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells

Takuma Hayashi, Kaoru Abiko, Takuma Hayashi, Ken Yamaguchi, Masaki Mandai, Ikuo Konishi
2020 Case Reports in Obstetrics Gynecology and Reproductive  
Diagnosis by biopsy is difficult in the ovary, since it is located deep in the abdomen. As a result, ovarian cancer is mostly found insidiously during exploratory laparotomy. Consequently, early diagnosis of ovarian cancer is often difficult. The likelihood of peritoneal dissemination increases with the progress of ovarian cancer. With further progression, ovarian cancer metastasizes to the omentum, retroperitoneal lymph nodes, large intestine, small intestine, diaphragm, spleen, and other
more » ... een, and other organs. Ovarian cancer has been considered a tumor that has a favourable response to chemotherapy, but more effective treatments are still being explored. Tumors use their own immune escape mechanism to evade host immunity. The immune checkpoint (IC) mechanism, one of the immune escape mechanisms, is established by programmed cell death-1 (PD-1)/PDligand-1 (PD-L1) communication. It has been shown that inhibiting PD-1/PD-L1 communication in various malignancies produces antitumor effects. However, the antitumor effect of ICI monotherapy on ovarian cancer is limited in actual clinical practice. In this review, we describe a novel cancer immunotherapeutic agent that targets myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs).
doi:10.31487/j.crogr.2020.03.03 fatcat:pzh4qv6q2rgxfagvqho45p6zw4