STUDY ON THE ROLE OF RISK FACTORS IN CEREBRO VASCULAR STROKE
Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences
AIM: To study the role of risk factors in Cerebrovascular Stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 60 patients who were admitted with cerebro vascular stroke over 2 months of period from 1 st November to 31 st December 2014 in King George Hospital AMC, Visakhapatnam studied retrospectively. RESULTS: In this study majority of cases (43) are males contributing to 71.7%. The stroke is more prevalent in the middle age.The most common presentation other than weakness is altered sensorium in 21 cases (33.6%).
... 21 cases (33.6%). Among 60 cases 40% (24) of cases had right sided lesion, 60% (36) of cases had left sided lesion. Hypertension is more commonly associated with haemorrhagic (26.7%) than ischaemic strokes. Smoking is more responsible for ischaemic strokes (30%) than haemorrhagic. Alcohol is found to be the most significant risk factor in both types of strokes (61.7%). Diabetes is present in 9 cases (15%). Hyperlipidaemia was found more significantly among males (20%) both in ischaemic stroke (13.3%) and haemorrhagic stroke (6.7%).Majority of cases that is 45 cases (75%) have multiple risk factors. CONCLUSION: Acute stroke is a heterogeneous condition with respect to prognosis. Though the stroke related mortality is steadily declining in the west, it has been rising in India. The most commonly affected age group is 50-59 years which is the golden period in one's life. Modifiable risk factors should be strictly corrected especially those who also have fixed risk factors. Probability of stroke incidence increases with the presence of multiple abnormalities in the risk profile. The recognition of multiple risk factors for the stroke at early stage may help both patient and physician to prevent further complications.