Hemophilic patients: clinical and molecular considerations of interest to dentists

Martha Leonor Rebolledo Cobos, Sandra Bermeo Serrato
2019 Revista Cubana de Estomatología  
Hemophilia is a genetic disease scarcely found in dental practice. On occasion it presents as a dental emergency in face of which the professional should relate the general clinical manifestations of the disease to an appropriate semiological, paraclinical and genetic-molecular analysis to diagnose the condition and apply relevant therapies aimed at solving the patient's main concern as well as managing and controlling its complications. Objective: Describe the main general pathophysiological
more » ... atures and aspects of dental interest of hemophilia, as well as the diagnostic tools related to the condition from a clinical, paraclinical and genetic-molecular perspective. Methods: A bibliographic search was conducted in the databases Pubmed, Proquest, Scielo and Elsevier of papers published in English and Spanish in a period of 13 years (2005-2018), using the search terms "hemophilia A", "hemophilia B", "diagnostic criteria", "genetic", "molecular", "oral health", "clinical diagnosis". A total 50 papers were selected. Data analysis and integration: Studies have shown that hemophilia, a genetic systemic condition, may have oral manifestations and complications. This makes it important to dentists, since the disease should be diagnosed from a genetic-molecular point of view and managed in an interdisciplinary manner. Conclusions: Genetic-molecular diagnosis by geneticists implies involvement of hematologists and dentists in the management and control of the condition via interconsultation, when it comes to deciding on procedures for hemophilic patients.
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