SISTEM PENGETAHUAN PELAYARAN DAN PENANGKAPAN IKAN PADA MASYARAKAT NELAYAN DI KELURAHAN RANGAS, KABUPATEN MAJENE

Ansaar Ansaar
2019 Walasuji : jurnal sejarah dan budaya  
This paper describes the shipping and fish catching knowledge system which has been applied until now by the fishermen community in the Village of Rangas, Majene Regency. This research is descriptive qualitative. The information presented in this paper is captured from interviews, observation, and literature studies. The results show that the fishermen in carrying out activities at the sea were guided by the sailing knowledge system that they had, such as knowledge of the waves, the corals, the
more » ... es, the corals, the constellations, the clouds, the moon calculations, and the occult. In terms of fish caught, they have a variety of local knowledge systems, such as knowledge about driving a boat, procedures for lowering the fishing gear from the boat, the wind direction, the location of fish, and other problems that may be experienced during fishing and their solution. This knowledge is a picture of the fishermen community tradition continuity in the Village of Rangas. Keywords: Shipping knowledge, fish catching, and fishermen community. ABSTRAK Tulisan ini mendeskripsikan sistem pengetahuan pelayaran dan penangkapan ikan yang hingga kini diterapkan oleh masyarakat nelayan di Kelurahan Rangas, Kabupaten Majene. Penelitian ini bersifat deskriktif kualitatif. Informasi yang tersaji dalam tulisan ini terjaring melalui metode wawancara, pengamatan, dan studi pustaka. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa para nelayan dalam menjalankan aktifitas di laut berpedoman pada sistem pengetahuan pelayaran yang mereka miliki, seperti pengetahuan tentang ombak, keberadaan karang, perbintangan, awan, perhitungan bulan, dan ilmu gaib. Dalam hal penangkapan ikan, mereka memiliki berbagai sistem pengetahuan lokal, seperti pengetahuan tentang mengemudikan perahu, tata cara menurunkan alat tangkap dari perahu, arah angin, lokasi banyaknya ikan, dan hambatan-hambatan lain yang kemungkinan bisa dialami selama melaut dan cara menanggulanginya. Pengetahuan tersebut merupakan gambaran kesinambungan tradisi masyarakat nelayan di Kelurahan Rangas. Kata kunci: Pengetahuan pelayaran, penangkapan ikan, dan masyarakat nelayan.
doi:10.36869/wjsb.v10i2.2 fatcat:fpwgcyfezffrlanmmlegjmgkkq