Domain Adaptation for Medical Image Segmentation: A Meta-Learning Method

Penghao Zhang, Jiayue Li, Yining Wang, Judong Pan
2021 Journal of Imaging  
Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have demonstrated great achievement in increasing the accuracy and stability of medical image segmentation. However, existing CNNs are limited by the problem of dependency on the availability of training data owing to high manual annotation costs and privacy issues. To counter this limitation, domain adaptation (DA) and few-shot learning have been extensively studied. Inspired by these two categories of approaches, we propose an optimization-based
more » ... ng method for segmentation tasks. Even though existing meta-learning methods use prior knowledge to choose parameters that generalize well from few examples, these methods limit the diversity of the task distribution that they can learn from in medical image segmentation. In this paper, we propose a meta-learning algorithm to augment the existing algorithms with the capability to learn from diverse segmentation tasks across the entire task distribution. Specifically, our algorithm aims to learn from the diversity of image features which characterize a specific tissue type while showing diverse signal intensities. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm, we conducted experiments using a diverse set of segmentation tasks from the Medical Segmentation Decathlon and two meta-learning benchmarks: model-agnostic meta-learning (MAML) and Reptile. U-Net and Dice similarity coefficient (DSC) were selected as the baseline model and the main performance metric, respectively. The experimental results show that our algorithm maximally surpasses MAML and Reptile by 2% and 2.4% respectively, in terms of the DSC. By showing a consistent improvement in subjective measures, we can also infer that our algorithm can produce a better generalization of a target task that has few examples.
doi:10.3390/jimaging7020031 pmid:34460630 fatcat:pigepk5mm5gtvcnyttpvtapdha