CNN-Based Hand Grasping Prediction and Control via Postural Synergy Basis Extraction

Quan Liu, Mengnan Li, Chaoyue Yin, Guoming Qian, Wei Meng, Qingsong Ai, Jiwei Hu
2022 Sensors  
The prediction of hand grasping and control of a robotic manipulator for hand activity training is of great significance to assist stroke patients to recover their biomechanical functions. However, the human hand and the figure joints have multiple degrees of freedom; therefore, it is complex to process and analyze all the collected data in hand modeling. To simplify the description of grasping activities, it is necessary to extract and decompose the principal components of hand actions. In
more » ... paper, the relationships among hand grasping actions are explored by extracting the postural synergy basis of hand motions, aiming to simplify hand grasping actions and reduce the data dimensions for robot control. A convolutional neural network (CNN)-based hand activity prediction method is proposed, which utilizes motion data to estimate hand grasping actions. The prediction results were then used to control a stimulated robotic model according to the extracted postural synergy basis. The prediction accuracy of the proposed method for the selected hand motions could reach up to 94% and the robotic model could be operated naturally based on patient's movement intention, so as to complete grasping tasks and achieve active rehabilitation.
doi:10.3390/s22030831 pmid:35161580 pmcid:PMC8838930 fatcat:ur4adire5zhlrogskbvltovsrm