Trading structure for randomness in wireless opportunistic routing

Szymon Chachulski, Michael Jennings, Sachin Katti, Dina Katabi
2007 Computer communication review  
Opportunistic routing is a recent technique that achieves high throughput in the face of lossy wireless links. The current opportunistic routing protocol, ExOR, ties the MAC with routing, imposing a strict schedule on routers' access to the medium. Although the scheduler delivers opportunistic gains, it eliminates the clean layering abstraction and misses some of the inherent features of the 802.11 MAC. In particular, it prevents spatial reuse and thus may underutilize the wireless medium. This
more » ... thesis presents MORE, a MAC-independent opportunistic routing protocol. MORE randomly mixes packets before forwarding them. This randomness ensures that routers that hear the same transmission do not forward the same packets. Thus, MORE needs no special scheduler to coordinate routers and can run directly on top of 802.11. We analyze the theoretical gains provided by opportunistic routing and present the EOTX routing metric which minimizes the number of opportunistic transmissions to deliver a packet to its destination. We implemented MORE in the Click modular router running on off-the-shelf PCs equipped with 802.11 (WiFi) wireless interfaces. Experimental results from a 20-node wireless testbed show that MORE's median unicast throughput is 20% higher than ExOR, and the gains rise to 50% over ExOR when there is a chance of spatial reuse.
doi:10.1145/1282427.1282400 fatcat:7lrvblisajbzzlkrnfddj2xchm