Normal-Metal-Superconductor Tunnel Junction as a Brownian Refrigerator

J. P. Pekola, F. W. J. Hekking
2007 Physical Review Letters  
Thermal noise generated by a hot resistor (resistance R) can, under proper conditions, catalyze heat removal from a cold normal metal (N) in contact with a superconductor (S) via a tunnel barrier. Such a NIS junction acts as Maxwell's demon, rectifying the heat flow. Upon reversal of the temperature gradient between the resistor and the junction the heat fluxes are reversed: this presents a regime which is not accessible in an ordinary voltage-biased NIS structure. We obtain analytical results
more » ... or the cooling performance in an idealized high impedance environment, and perform numerical calculations for general R. We conclude by assessing the experimental feasibility of the proposed effect.
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.98.210604 pmid:17677759 fatcat:zuwezgldwvgefhwklbdhxgrlj4