Nuclear Respiratory Factor 1 Associated with Prognosis and Immune Infiltration in Hepatocellular Carcinoma [post]

Dan Wang, Linlin Huang, Xiaojing Zhang, Pingping Sun, Yapeng Lu, Li Zhu
2020 unpublished
Background: Recent studies have shown that functional mitochondria are essential for cancer cells. Nuclear respiratory factor 1 (NRF1) is a transcription factor that activates mitochondrial biogenesis and the expression of the respiratory chain, but little is known about its prognostic value and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes association. Here, we evaluated the association among expression of NRF1, clinicopathological characteristics, survival and immune infiltration in hepatocellular carcinoma
more » ... (HCC).Methods: We used the Tumor Immune Estimation Resource (TIMER) to analyze the difference of NRF1 mRNA expression in human cancers. Clinical-pathological information and follow-up data were collected from HCC (n = 171) and chronic hepatitis (n = 113) patients. NRF1 expression were scored based on the percentage and intensity of immunohistochemical staining in pathological slides. Correlations between clinical features and the expression of NRF1 were evaluated by Chi-square test, Kaplan-Meier curves, logrank tests and multivariate Cox regression analysis. The correlations between NRF1 expression and gene marker sets of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) were analyzed by TIMER and Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) databases. Results: NRF1 mRNA expression was significantly higher in HCC than in normal tissue. Compared with chronic hepatitis, more frequency of NRF1 high expression are found in HCC (31.58 % vs 13.27 %, P < 0.001, P < 0.001). In addition, the NRF1 expression was significantly associated with hepatic cirrhosis (P = 0.021) and vascular invasion (P = 0.025). NRF1 expression was also a significant independent predictor of survival in HCC (P = 0.003; HRadj = 0.20; 95% CI = 0.09 – 0.44). NRF1 showed positively correlated with TILs, including B cell (r = 0.384, P = 1.68e-13), CD8+ T cells (r = 0.246, P = 3.99e-06), CD4+ T cells (r = 0.535, P = 6.90e-27), macrophage (r = 0.506, P = 1.52e-23), neutrophils (r = 0.465, P = 6.08e-20) and dendritic cell (r = 0.404, P = 8.61e-15). The marker genes of TILs correlated significantly with NRF1 expression.Conclusions: NRF1 expression was a useful independent prognostic factor and correlated with tumor immune infiltration in HCC.
doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-52843/v1 fatcat:vx22hgpqojdmnbqy2x7mfreiau