Brain-Inspired Learning on Neuromorphic Substrates [article]

Friedemann Zenke, Emre O. Neftci
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Neuromorphic hardware strives to emulate brain-like neural networks and thus holds the promise for scalable, low-power information processing on temporal data streams. Yet, to solve real-world problems, these networks need to be trained. However, training on neuromorphic substrates creates significant challenges due to the offline character and the required non-local computations of gradient-based learning algorithms. This article provides a mathematical framework for the design of practical
more » ... ine learning algorithms for neuromorphic substrates. Specifically, we show a direct connection between Real-Time Recurrent Learning (RTRL), an online algorithm for computing gradients in conventional Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs), and biologically plausible learning rules for training Spiking Neural Networks (SNNs). Further, we motivate a sparse approximation based on block-diagonal Jacobians, which reduces the algorithm's computational complexity, diminishes the non-local information requirements, and empirically leads to good learning performance, thereby improving its applicability to neuromorphic substrates. In summary, our framework bridges the gap between synaptic plasticity and gradient-based approaches from deep learning and lays the foundations for powerful information processing on future neuromorphic hardware systems.
arXiv:2010.11931v1 fatcat:e7bwgrmynvgmfkuordiqb3zusq