Development of small-size and light-weight aerodynamic brake for high-speed railway

Hajime TAKAMI
2019 Transactions of the JSME (in Japanese)  
To shorten the stopping distance of the high-speed trains in case of emergency such as a huge earthquake, the author developed the small-size and light-weight aerodynamic braking device. The device increases an aerodynamic drag force of a train to achieve a high deceleration at the range of over 350 km/h without a friction between rail and wheel. The device is as miniaturized as possible in order to be installed flexibly on the train, whereby many devices with small-size drag panels are
more » ... ately arranged throughout the train roof to obtain higher drag force. A pair of drag panels rotating around a horizontal axis which are connected by the gear can be actuated by the traveling wind without a large-size actuator. The full-scale prototype aerodynamic braking device is designed and manufactured. To examine its aerodynamic characteristics, one or two prototypes are tested on a wind tunnel facility at a maximum flow speed of 400 km/h (111 m/s). It was proven that the response time of motion from the folding position to the braking position took only 0.39 s, and the device could produce the aerodynamic drag of 2.3 kN per one unit at 400 km/h. Detached-eddy simulation (DES) is used to study the flow around a train roof with a large number of devices. The rate of change of the drag coefficient for devices with the staggered arrangement which aims to improve a total drag force of a train is compared against the standard parallel arrangement at U = 360 km/h. The staggered arrangement could increase the total drag coefficients 10.3 percent as compared to the standard parallel arrangement.
doi:10.1299/transjsme.19-00295 fatcat:esfvci2fcrccpcr7e7txp2ru6i