Preliminary Study of Recycled Aggregate Mortar for Electric Arc Furnace Dust Encapsulation

Enrique F. Ledesma, Angélica Lozano-Lunar, Ruan L. S. Ferreira, José María Fernández-Rodríguez, José Ramón Jiménez
2021 Applied Sciences  
This article shows the preliminary results of a study carried out to determine the technical feasibility of encapsulating a high percentage of EAFD in cement-based mortars manufactured with the fine fraction of recycled concrete aggregates (RCA). Two families of mortars, with natural aggregate as a reference and with RCA, were studied. An incorporation rate by weight of two parts mortar to one part EAFD was tested. The mechanical strengths (compressive strength and tensile strength) before and
more » ... fter immersion in water, the rate of delitescence and the leaching behavior were studied. Mortars made with RCA showed similar mechanical strengths to the reference mortars made with natural aggregates; however, the incorporation of EAFD decreased the mechanical strengths. Encapsulation considerably reduced the leaching of heavy metals, although the Pb concentration remained above the hazardous waste limit. With this preliminary study, two wastes are managed together, and the results have shown that the use of RCA instead of natural aggregate is a viable alternative since it does not significantly impair the mechanical or leaching properties of the cement-based matrices used to encapsulate EAFD.
doi:10.3390/app11209525 fatcat:jqovvljatbeeta2uk4il6gy5xi