Prognostic nutritional index predicts clinical outcomes in patients with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis

Jiawei Zhao, Kai Liu, Shen Li, Yuan Gao, Lu Zhao, Hongbing Liu, Hui Fang, Jun Wu, Shilei Sun, Yusheng Li, Bo Song, Yuming Xu
2021 BMC Neurology  
Background Lower prognostic nutritional index (PNI) is related to the poor prognosis of cardiovascular diseases. However, little is known about PNI and its relationship with the prognosis of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST). Methods CVST patients were retrospectively identified from January 2013 till June 2019. Patients in the acute / subacute phase were selected as subjects. Poor prognosis was defined as a modified Rankin Scale (mRS) of 3–6. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was
more » ... used to confirm if lower PNI was associated with a poor prognosis. Results A total of 297 subjects with follow-up data were enrolled. Thirty-three (11.1%) had a poor outcome. Multivariate logistic regression analysis suggested that PNI was an important predictive factor of poor outcome in acute/subacute CVST (odds ratio, 0.903; 95% CI, 0.833–0.978; P = 0.012). The optimal cut-off value for predicting the poor prognosis of PNI was 44.2. Kaplan-Meier analysis and log-rank test suggested that the lower the PNI value, the higher the mortality rate (P < 0.001). In addition, the nomogram that was set up showed that lower PNI was an index of poor prognosis. The c-index for acute/subacute patients with CVST was 0.872. Conclusion Lower PNI is correlated with a higher risk of adverse clinical outcomes in patients with acute/subacute CVST.
doi:10.1186/s12883-021-02436-w pmid:34674659 fatcat:qzyqfqrl3zeujlw7bqbkspnjqm