Frequency of Haemoglobinopathies in Premarital Screening in Nineveh Province
Annals of the College of Medicine Mosul
Haemoglobinopathy is a large heterogeneous group of genetic abnormalities of haemoglobin. It is one of the most common inherited diseases worldwide. Aim of this study: This study aimed to find the frequency of different types of Haemoglobinopathies in premarital couples in Nineveh province. Subjects and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the subjects were couples who go to the primary health care centers in Nineveh governorate for routine premarital investigations and the data were
... d from the main premarital screening centers in Nineveh governorate. Results: In this study, 1127 cases were included. 613 (54.4 %) were male, their ages range between (13-80 years), and 514 (45.6 %) were female, their ages range between (10-52 years). 47 cases were diagnosed as βeta-thalassaemia carriers with an overall frequency of 4.2 %. Ten cases had haemoglobin S (HbS) by the High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) (sickle cell trait in 9 cases and sickle β-thalassaemia in only one case); the overall frequency of sickle cell carrier state is 0.89 %. Eight cases with an overall frequency of 0.71 % were diagnosed as having other types of Haemoglobinopathies (haemoglobin D, haemoglobin E, haemoglobin H). Eighty one cases were diagnosed as having iron deficiency with an overall frequency of 7.2 %. By using the Hardy -Weinberg equation; we found the expected number of children born with homozygous βeta-thalassaemia would be (0.3/1000 from those born) and homozygous sickle cell disease would be (0.01/1000 from those born). Conclusions: β-thalassaemia trait represented the most frequent Haemoglobinopathy in the region, Iron deficiency was significantly higher in females than in males, HPLC is a good technique for routine use and the expected number of children born with homozygous β-thalassaemia, sickle cell and others (HbD, HbE, HbH) were (0.3/1000, 0.01/1000 and 0.0085/1000 from those born) respectively.