Current developments in MRI for assessing rodent models of multiple sclerosis

Othman I Alomair, Maree T Smith, Ian M Brereton, Graham J Galloway, Nyoman D Kurniawan
2014 Future Neurology  
MRI is a key radiological imaging technique that plays an important role in the diagnosis and characterization of heterogeneous multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions. Various MRI methodologies such as conventional T 1 /T 2 contrast, contrast agent enhancement, diffusion-weighted imaging, magnetization transfer imaging and susceptibility weighted imaging have been developed to determine the severity of MS pathology, including demyelination/remyelination and brain connectivity impairment from axonal
more » ... s. The broad spectrum of MS pathology manifests in diverse patient MRI presentations and affects the accuracy of patient diagnosis. To study specific pathological aspects of the disease, rodent models such as experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, virusinduced and toxin-induced demyelination have been developed. This review aims to present key developments in MRI methodology for better characterization of rodent models of MS.
doi:10.2217/fnl.14.33 fatcat:byc5bkk565dnpkiqum3sp4sxva