Acute and Direct Effects of Sodium–Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibition on Glomerular Filtration Rate in Spontaneously Diabetic Torii Fatty Rats
Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Recent clinical studies indicate that sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors exhibit a renoprotective effect. While studies at the single nephron level suggest that direct effects of SGLT2 inhibitors on renal hemodynamics may be a possible mechanism underlying their renoprotective effect, few studies have focused on such direct effects at the whole-kidney level. In the present study, we investigated the acute and direct effect of SGLT2 inhibition on creatinine clearance, an index of
... rance, an index of whole-kidney glomerular filtration rate (GFR), in a rat model of type 2 diabetes. Twelve to fifteen-week-old male Spontaneously Diabetic Torii (SDT) fatty rats and Sprague-Dawley rats were used as diabetic animals and non-diabetic controls, respectively. Under general anesthesia, baseline urine samples were collected from the left and right ureters for 1 h. The selective SGLT2 inhibitor ipragliflozin or vehicle was subsequently administered intravenously and post-drug urine was collected for 1 h. Baseline and post-drug blood samples were collected immediately before baseline urine collection and immediately after post-drug urine collection, respectively. Plasma glucose, urine volume, urinary glucose and albumin excretion were measured, and creatinine clearance was calculated. Blood pressure and heart rate were monitored continuously throughout the experiment. A single intravenous injection of ipragliflozin increased both urine output and glucose excretion, but reduced creatinine clearance without affecting systemic blood pressure. These results suggest that SGLT2 inhibition directly reduced whole-kidney GFR, most likely due to a reduction in intraglomerular pressure, by altering local renal hemodynamics, which may contribute to the renoprotective effects demonstrated in clinical studies.