Isolation of 1,4-naphthalenedione, an antibacterial principle from the leaves of Holoptelea integrifolia and its activity against beta-lactam resistant Staphylococcus aureus

N V Vinod, M Haridas, C Sadasivan
2010 Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics  
Antimicrobials derived from plants have been receiving increasing attention in recent years. Antimicrobial activities of a number of phytochemicals have been reported. Many present day antibiotics are ineffective against several pathogenic organisms. About 90% of Staphylococcus aureus isolates from clinical specimens is reported to have resistance against beta-lactam antibiotics. In the present study, the effect of hexane, diethyl ether, acetone and water extracts of leaves of a medicinal plant
more » ... Holoptelea integrifolia has been tested against beta-lactam resistant strain of S. aureus in presence of antibiotics such as ampicillin, amoxicillin, cefotaxime and ceftriaxone. The diethyl ether extract has shown the maximum antibacterial activity and the active principle is found to be 1,4-naphthalenedione which is characterized by GC-MS and FTIR spectroscopy. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the compound is found to be 4 mg/ml. Structural similarity of this compound with a functional group of a beta-lactamase-resistant antibiotic indicates that 1,4-naphthlenedione may be acting as an inhibitor to beta-lactamase.
pmid:21086756 fatcat:7ptetjv4x5hajl5ymv26dzfwti