A Korean Nationwide Surveillance Study for Non-TyphoidalSalmonellaIsolated in Humans and Food Animals from 2006 to 2008: Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase, Plasmid-Mediated AmpC β-Lactamase, and Plasmid-Mediated Quinolone ResistanceqnrGenes

Hae-Sun Chung, Hyukmin Lee, Yangsoon Lee, Dongeun Yong, Seok Hoon Jeong, Bok-Kwon Lee, Suk-Chan Jung, Suk-Kyung Lim, Kyungwon Lee, Yunsop Chong
2012 Korean Journal of Clinical Microbiology  
The emergence of non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) with decreased susceptibilities to fluoroquinolone, ampicillin, or ceftriaxone has been reported worldwide. However, current surveillance studies of resistance among NTS in Korea are limited. Thus, the antimicrobial susceptibilities; resistance mechanisms such as extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL), plasmid-mediated AmpC β-lactamase (PABL), and plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR); and molecular epidemiologic characteristics were
more » ... ted in the present study. Methods: National Institute of Health and National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service collected NTS strains from 219 clinical and 293 non-clinical specimens from 2006 to 2008. The antimicrobial susceptibilities were determined using the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute disk diffusion test. ESBL, PABL, and qnr genotyping were performed using PCR and nucleotide sequencing. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis was used for the molecular epidemiologic study. Results: The resistance to ampicillin in clinical and non-clinical NTS was 49% and 18 to 47%, respectively. The resistance rates to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole in clinical and non-clinical NTS were 8% and 0 to 41%, respectively. The rates to extended-spectrum cephalosporin were 0 to 1%. One CTX-M-15-producing isolate and four CMY-2-producing isolates were detected. Notably, PFGE analysis showed four isolates carrying blaCMY-2, including one non-clinical strain had high clonality. Although the rate of ciprofloxacin resistance was very low, two qnrS1-carrying NTS strains were detected in non-clinical specimens. Conclusion: The resistance rates to ampicillin in both clinical and non-clinical NTS were high, while those to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole varied depending on the specimen. NTS strains harboring CTX-M-15type ESBL or CMY-2-type PABL were detected even though the resistance rates to cephalosporins were very low. Four NTS strains carrying the blaCMY-2gene implied zoonotic infection. Continuous effort to minimize transfer of resistance genes in NTS is necessary. (Korean J Clin Microbiol 2012;15:14-20)
doi:10.5145/kjcm.2012.15.1.14 fatcat:ihjxnbelebex3ody4kayxiamje