Physician Specialization and the Quality of Care for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection

Bruce E. Landon
2005 Archives of Internal Medicine  
There is debate over the types of physicians who should treat patients with complex chronic medical conditions such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. We sought to assess the relationship between specialty training and expertise and the quality of care delivered to patients with HIV infection. Methods: We selected random samples of HIVinfected patients receiving care at 64 Ryan White CARE (Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency) Actfunded clinics throughout the country and their
more » ... country and their primary HIV physicians for an observational cohort study in which quality-of-care measures were assessed by medical record review. Results: We studied 5247 patients linked to 177 physicians who responded to a survey. Fifty-eight percent of the physicians were general medicine physicians ("generalists") and 42% were infectious diseases specialists. Sixty-three percent of the generalists (37% overall) considered themselves expert in HIV care. In hierarchical lo-
doi:10.1001/archinte.165.10.1133 pmid:15911726 fatcat:6tktmls4yrfc3l6mhrlaaw6ycq