Harnessing Trichoderma in Agriculture for Productivity and Sustainability

Nur Syafikah Abdullah, Febri Doni, Muhamad Shakirin Mispan, Mohd Zuwairi Saiman, Yusmin Mohd Yusuf, Mushafau Adebayo Oke, Nurul Shamsinah Mohd Suhaimi
2021 Agronomy  
Increased agricultural activities driven by rising food demand have led to environmental problems mostly arising from the high levels of external inputs and resources that are required. Additionally, environmental changes, such as global warming, can lead to various biotic and abiotic stresses, which have negative impacts on crop production. Numerous solutions and agricultural strategies have been introduced to overcome these problems. One of the ways to improve plant production as well as to
more » ... crease resistance towards biotic and abiotic stresses is by utilizing beneficial microbes as soil inoculants. A better understanding of the ability of Trichoderma to enhance crop production and the mechanisms that are involved are important for deriving maximum benefits from their exploitation. These versatile fungi hold great promise for the development of viable commercial products that can be used widely in agriculture for increasing crop productivity in a more sustainable way. Many previous reviews on Trichoderma have tended to focus on the mechanisms of Trichoderma in enhancing plant growth and yield. This current review discusses the sustainability aspect of using Trichoderma as plant growth regulators, the impact on plant growth and yield as well as their effects in regulating biotic and abiotic stresses.
doi:10.3390/agronomy11122559 fatcat:xdjdbvh25newfluwgcgb3pt5ke