Embedded Classification of the Perceived Fatigue State of Runners: Towards a Body Sensor Network for Assessing the Fatigue State during Running
2012 Ninth International Conference on Wearable and Implantable Body Sensor Networks
This paper presents methods for collecting and analyzing biomechanical and physiological data from several body sensors during recreational runs in order to classify an athlete's perceived fatigue state. Heart rate, heart rate variability, running speed, stride frequency and biomechanical data were recorded continuously from 431 runners during a free one-hour outdoor run. During the activity the sportsmen answered questions about their perceived fatigue state in 5 min intervals. The data were
... ls. The data were analyzed using specifically designed features computed for each of the 5 min intervals. The features were used to train different classifiers, which were able to distinguish two levels of the runner's fatigue state with an accuracy of 88.3 % across multiple study participants. Feature selection evidenced that a heart rate variability feature and two biomechanical features were best suited for classification of the perceived fatigue level. Therefore, the classification system needs the information from various sensors on the human body. The resulting classifier was implemented on an embedded microcontroller to show that it would be feasible to integrate it directly into a body sensor network. Such a wearable classification system for fatigue can be used to support sportsmen, for example by changing their training plan or by adapting their equipment to the specific needs of a fatigued athlete.