EPR and HPLC Investigation of Pigments in Thai Purple Rice

Kouichi Nakagawa, Wipawadee Yooin, Chalermpong Saenjum
2018 Journal of Oleo Science  
We investigated the pigments in Thai purple rice using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), X-band (9 GHz) EPR imaging (EPRI), and HPLC. The location and spatial distribution of the paramagnetic species in purple and white rice were determined by EPR and EPRI. EPR primarily detected three paramagnetic species in purple rice, which were identified as stable radicals, Mn2+, and Fe3+ based on the gvalues and hyperfine components of the EPR signals. Subsequent noninvasive two-dimensional (2D)
more » ... revealed that these stable radicals are primarily located in the pigmented region of purple rice, while very few radicals were observed in the interior of the rice. HPLC revealed that the major compounds were cyanidin-3-O-glucoside and peonidin-3-O-glucoside. Scavenging activities, EPR, and EPR imaging results indicate that the stable radicals contain the radical state of anthocyanins and are mostly found within the pigmented embryo region of purple rice. They could be either associated with scavenging activities or could be one of the products of their oxidative decomposition.
doi:10.5650/jos.ess18093 pmid:30305563 fatcat:g7ebwnylw5gnrewzoqzcjhybbq