Features and associated factors of bacterial skin infections in hospitalized patients with pemphigus: a single-center retrospective study [post]

Furong Li, Yejun Wu, Wenjie Bian, Lei Huang, Xuejun Zhu, Xixue Chen, Mingyue Wang
2020 unpublished
Background: Infections were the primary cause of death (34.3%-55.5%) in patients with pemphigus. Skin was usually the origin of infections. The study aimed to explore features and associated factors of bacterial skin infections (BSIs) in inpatients with pemphigus. Methods: One hundred and eighty-four inpatients with pemphigus hospitalizing from November 2014 to April 2019 were continuously recruited through Peking University First Hospital's inpatient records. Then, we retrieved the clinical
more » ... laboratory data to explore the characteristics and associated factors of BSIs.Results: Of patients enrolled, pemphigus vulgaris (PV, n=142) and pemphigus foliaceus (PF, n=9) were most common, followed by pemphigus erythematosus (PE, n=25) and pemphigus vegetans (Pveg, n=1). Eighty-seven of 177 (49.2%) inpatients developed BSIs, and they had a longer length of stay compared with inpatients without BSIs (median: 18.9 days vs. 14.1 days, p = 0.008). Staphylococcus aureus was the most common bacteria(71.3%, 62/87) and highly resistant to penicillin (91.9%, 57/62). Higher levels of anti-Dsg1 autoantibodies (>124.2U/mL) (p<0.001, odds ratio [OR]=3.564, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.784-7.123) and anti-Dsg3 autoantibodies (>169.5U/mL) (p = 0.03, OR=1.074, 95% CI: 1.084-3.969) were underlying risk factors of BSIs when analyzed by binary regression analysis. As for Gram's stain of bacteria, females had a lower rate of Gram-positive infections (p = 0.03). Patients using oral antibiotics (p = 0.05) had a higher rate of Gram-negative infections. Inpatients who were hospitalized in other hospitals within two weeks before the current admission had a higher rate of Gram-negative and co-infections (p = 0.03). Conclusions: Inpatients with pemphigus had a high incidence of BSIs. Some factors were associated with the susceptibility of BSIs and bacterial species.
doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-37433/v2 fatcat:tdtqhuayrrb4xhiypg3svkavuq