Performance of deep neural networks on low-power IoT devices

Christos Profentzas, Magnus Almgren, Olaf Landsiedel
2021 Proceedings of the Workshop on Benchmarking Cyber-Physical Systems and Internet of Things  
Advances in deep learning have revolutionized machine learning by solving complex tasks such as image, speech, and text recognition. However, training and inference of deep neural networks are resource-intensive. Recently, researchers made efforts to bring inference to IoT edge and sensor devices which have become the prime data sources nowadays. However, running deep neural networks on low-power IoT devices is challenging due to their resource-constraints in memory, compute power, and energy.
more » ... his paper presents a benchmark to grasp these trade-offs by evaluating three representative deep learning frameworks: uTensor, TF-Lite-Micro, and CMSIS-NN. Our benchmark reveals significant differences and trade-offs for each framework and its toolchain: (1) We find that uTensor is the most straightforward framework to use, followed by TF-Micro, and then CMSIS-NN. (2) Our evaluation shows large differences in energy, RAM, and Flash footprints. For example, in terms of energy, CMSIS-NN is the most efficient, followed by TF-Micro and then uTensor, each with a significant gap.
doi:10.1145/3458473.3458823 fatcat:yacip4x67ffwxg2lywnj5iq2qi