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Investigation of Water Hyacinth as a Feedstock for Bioethanol Production by Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation Process
Chemical Engineering Transactions
As an abundant biomass of surface water, water hyacinth was used as an input material to produce bioethanol in this study. Steam explosion and alkaline pre-treatment were applied on the material before simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) process was carried out. Experimental data suggested the optimal enzyme dosage be 1.0 wt% of the dry mass of the biomass, and the mass of the material be up to 8.0 wt% of the whole mixture in a one-step loading procedure to obtain the climaxdoi:10.3303/cet2183049 doaj:5f30302d204042b09331fe2de0142f32 fatcat:24fxjoqv3zdj5bdxqaopqzlsia