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An all-digital phase locked loop (ADPLL)-based local oscillator (LO) of RF transceiver application such as radio-frequency identification (RFID) system has gained popularity by accessing the benefits in complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) process technology. This paper reviews some state-of-art of the ADPLL structures based on their applications and analyses its major implementation block, which is the digital-controlled oscillator (DCO). The DCO is evaluated based on its CMOSdoi:10.11113/jurnalteknologi.v84.17123 fatcat:2l43g6nrofeirksy3el7ic5eja