Determination of cytotoxic, anticholinesterase, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of some wild mushroom species
Cogent Food & Agriculture
In the performed study of methanol extraction of wild edible mushroom species; Agaricus arvensis, Agaricus campestris, Armillaria mellea, Fomes fomentarius, Coprinus micaceus, Coriolus versicolor and Lactarius deliciosus were examined for screening their cytotoxic, anticholinesterase, antioxidant and antimicrobial capacity. Phenolic acid composition of mushrooms was also analysed. L. deliciosus and F. fomentarius were generally showed the highest activities at antioxidant test systems (metal
... t systems (metal chelating, superoxide anion radical scavenging, total antioxidant, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging and reducing power activity tests). The highest activities at antimicrobial activity displayed by A. arvensis and as 18 ± 0.8 against to Staphylococcus aureus. The best IC 50 values of mushroom methanol extracts at anticancer activities on HeLa and NRK-52E were 7.09 and 18.23 mg/mL exhibited by C. micaceus and A. campestris, respectively. The highest butyrylcholinesterase activity exhibited by L. deliciosus. Total amount of phenolic acids were found as 1,224.70 mg/kg at L. deliciosus.