ITALIAN TRUFFLE CULTIVATION AND ITS COMMERCIAL TREND IN THE EUROPEAN UNION MARKET

Nicola Galluzzo
2013 International Journal of Agricultural Science and Research   unpublished
The truffle is a niche food able to guarantee a good level of income to farmers, obtained both in afforestated surfaces and in wild forestry predominantly located in many European countries such as Italy, France and Spain. Specific measures financed by the European Union have improved truffle production through several actions able to support the afforestatation of agrarian surfaces by planting of mycorrhizated trees with black truffle. Recent outcomes for Italian truffle export have pointed
more » ... a growth of it in these last 12 years in particular inside the European Union market both in term of value and also in term of exported quantity. This analysis has investigated, using a multiple regression model on panel data in all 26 European countries, the effect of some socioeconomic variables as Gross Domestic Product, resource productivity, skills and education have had on the import of Italian truffle in value in the countries of the European Union. Italian truffle export has been able to guarantee good opportunities for farmers even if, this product, although it is classified as an high level good not reactive to change in personal income, is sensitive both to economic downturn and also to the level of risk of poverty.
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