Residues in the Distal Heme Pocket of Neuroglobin

Tadayuki Uno, Daisuke Ryu, Hiroko Tsutsumi, Yoshikazu Tomisugi, Yoshinobu Ishikawa, Anthony J. Wilkinson, Hideaki Sato, Takashi Hayashi
2003 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
Amino acid residues in the ligand binding pocket of human neuroglobin have been identified by site-directed mutagenesis and their properties investigated by resonance Raman and flash photolysis methods. Wildtype neuroglobin has been shown to have six-coordinate heme in both ferric and ferrous states. Substitution of His 96 by alanine leads to complete loss of heme, indicating that His 96 is the proximal ligand. The resonance Raman spectra of M69L and K67T mutants were similar to those of
more » ... pe (WT) neuroglobin in both ferric and ferrous states. By contrast, H64V was six-coordinate high-spin and five-coordinate high-spin in the ferric and ferrous states, respectively, at acidic pH. The spectra were pH-dependent and six-coordinate with the lowspin component dominating at alkaline pH. In a double mutant H64V/K67T, the high-spin component alone was detected in the both ferric and the ferrous states. This implies that His 64 is the endogenous ligand and that Lys 67 is situated nearby in the distal pocket. In the ferrous H64V and H64V/K67T mutants, the (Fe-His) stretching frequency appears at 221 cm ؊1 , which is similar to that of deoxymyoglobin. In the ferrous CO-bound state, the (Fe-CO) stretching frequency was detected at 521 and 494 cm ؊1 in WT, M69L, and K67T, while only the 494 cm ؊1 component was detected in the H64V and H64V/K67T mutants. Thus, the 521 cm ؊1 component is attributed to the presence of polar His 64 . The CO binding kinetics were biphasic for WT, H64V, and K67T and monophasic for H64V/K67T. Thus, His 64 and Lys 67 comprise a unique distal heme pocket in neuroglobin.
doi:10.1074/jbc.m311748200 pmid:14645216 fatcat:citc6tkhlnc25fjfej3vzufhhm