Congenital Anomalies Among Singleton Live Births in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital

Manikanta Reddy. V Manikanta Reddy. V, Senthil Kumar. S Senthil Kumar. S, Sanjeeva Reddy. N Sanjeeva Reddy. N
2011 Indian Journal Of Applied Research  
Objective: To estimate the incidence and pattern of different Congenital Anomalies among the singleton newborns. Methods: A hospital based study has been carried out in 3,538 newborns in the . All subjects were examined thoroughly for anomalies at the time of birth and for the duration of their hospital stay. Gender, Gestational age at delivery, birth weight, APGAR score at 1 and 5 minutes were recorded. DATA has been recorded and analyzed in SPSS 16.0 software. Results: Out of 3,538
more » ... of 3,538 consecutive births [Boy babies: 1,855 (52.5%); Girl babies: 1,683 (47.5%)], 73 newborns [2.06% (Boys: 1.13%; Girls: 0.93%)] were identified to have different Congenital anomalies. Major congenital anomalies occurred in higher rate [54(74%)] than Minor anomalies [19(26%)].Congenital anomalies of Cardio Vascular System were the most frequent and accounted in 18 (24.7%) cases, which is followed by the Urogenital 12(16.4%)] and Excretory systems. Conclusion: Overall prevalence of Congenital anomalies is 2.06% among singleton newborns with higher prevalence of Major Congenital anomalies (74%). Cardio Vascular System anomalies (24.7%) were predominant followed by anomalies of Excretory and Urogenital system.
doi:10.15373/2249555x/nov2013/111 fatcat:qahmdr5mlfhuxou3ayvuysfi5u