1897 Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)  
right accent to the Latin words. The thesis did not cause the least anxiety, since every university had a storeroom where one could buy these wares at all prices. But in order to avoid the thesis-dealers becoming known, and to protect the young doctor from the raillery of his comrades and of the public if this by-way should come to light, a number of physicians and philologians united for the establishment of a thesis factory. The works were gotten up from various stand-points, one, with
more » ... s, one, with respect to the university by which the degree should be given and the particular views of the professors there; again according to different theories, as following Brown, Reil or Hufeland and so on; finally according to price. The cheapest kind of thesis cost four pistoles; they contained a short, incomplete description of a disease, no learning and bad Latin. Every university supplied such as this. Then came a kind for eight pistoles; in these were a description and treatment of a disease, apparently complete, mixed with many quotations, but nothing original; the Latin was indifferent. These theses were suited to universities which had large libraries. The third kind cost sixteen pistoles, and handled questions of the day; they presented no new points of view, to be sure, but the Latin was good. Finally, the fourth and most expensive kind cost from twenty-four to thirty-six pistoles. New ideas (!), the newest terminologies, a description of pathologic varieties with the necessary dawings, a compact decisive diction as an indication of the energy and genius of the author, and Ciceronian Latin. Specimens of this kind seldom appeared, yet at that time Halle furnished a few. Any one who wished to become a doctor sent the price with the necessary postage, stating at the time from which university he wished his degree and according to which system he wished the thesis written. Prompt and good service and strict secrecy were guaranteed. They were always careful to have a considerable number of these theses in stock, from which one could take his choice. Review of all that has been done for Medicine and all its supplementary Sciences, since 1800, together with a brief Opinion as to whether the Labor has been of Value." Wiirzburg, Erlangen and Kiel were supplied in like manner. So much for the Reichsanzeiger. (To be continued.) Connection Between Diseases of the Eyes and Nose.-Winckler has found that 50 per cent, of the children brought to the hospital for scrofulous affections of the eyes, were also affected with diseased conditions in the nasal passages. He emphasizes the importance of finding and treating both lesions promptly, as they are likely to spread and complicate each other. He considers the use of the galvano-cautery and of caustics dangerous, as he has known serious injury to result from them, and prefers surgical intervention, cutting out tumors, treating the catarrhal conditions with appropriate means and resorting later to blood reduction of the inferior turbinate bones, or whatever surgical intervention may be needed.-Journ. de Sciences M6d. de Lille, February 13.
doi:10.1001/jama.1897.02440130026001g fatcat:maqhooidxjavdnsj73nia25iei