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This is the first study to evaluate the impact of self-regulation on industrial accidents. We examine Responsible Care in the US chemical manufacturing sector using our authorconstructed database of 1,867 firms that own 2,963 plants between 1988 and 2001. Firms' selfselection into RC is instrumented using pollution-related regulatory pressure on firms that influences their probability of joining RC, but not plant-level accidents. The average treatment effect on the treated indicates that RCdoi:10.2139/ssrn.2014386 fatcat:cbscncizvvaplpj5h6xab3t5pu