Parameter-Free Voronoi Neighborhood for Evolutionary Multimodal Optimization

Yu-Hui Zhang, Yue-Jiao Gong, Ying Gao, Hua Wang, Jun Zhang
2019 IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation  
Neighborhood information plays an important role in improving the performance of evolutionary computation in various optimization scenarios, particularly in the context of multimodal optimization. Several neighborhood concepts, i.e., index-based neighborhood, nearest neighborhood, and fuzzy neighborhood, have been studied and engaged in the design of niching methods. However, the use of these neighborhood concepts requires the specification of some problem-related parameters, which is difficult
more » ... which is difficult to determine without a prior knowledge. In this paper, we introduce a new neighborhood concept based on a geometrical construction called Voronoi diagram. The new concept offers two advantages at the expense of increasing the computational complexity to a higher level. It eliminates the need of additional parameters and it is more informative than the existing ones. The information provided by the Voronoi neighbors of an individual can be exploited to estimate the evolutionary state. Based on the information, we divide the population into three groups and assign each group a different reproduction strategy to support the exploration and exploitation of the search space. We show the use of the concept in the design of an effective evolutionary algorithm for multimodal optimization. The experiments have been conducted to investigate the performance of the algorithm. The results reveal that the proposed algorithm compare favorably with the state-of-the-art algorithms designed based on other types of neighborhood concepts. Index Terms-Evolutionary multimodal optimization, neighborhood information, niching technique, Voronoi diagram.
doi:10.1109/tevc.2019.2921830 fatcat:lpesqzxinfhlvhw3i5shgrtl4i