Protocols for Multiparty Coin Toss with a Dishonest Majority

Amos Beimel, Eran Omri, Ilan Orlov
2013 Journal of Cryptology  
Coin-tossing protocols are protocols that generate a random bit with uniform distribution. These protocols are used as a building block in many cryptographic protocols. Cleve [STOC 1986] has shown that if at least half of the parties can be malicious, then, in any r-round coin-tossing protocol, the malicious parties can cause a bias of Ω(1/r) to the bit that the honest parties output. However, for more than two decades the best known protocols had bias t √ r , where t is the number of corrupted
more » ... parties. Recently, in a surprising result, Moran, Naor, and Segev [TCC 2009] have shown that there is an r-round two-party cointossing protocol with the optimal bias of O(1/r). We extend Moran et al. results to the multiparty model when less than 2/3 of the parties are malicious. The bias of our protocol is proportional to 1/r and depends on the gap between the number of malicious parties and the number of honest parties in the protocol. Specifically, for a constant number of parties or when the number of malicious parties is somewhat larger than half, we present an r-round m-party coin-tossing protocol with optimal bias of O(1/r).
doi:10.1007/s00145-013-9168-3 fatcat:2s5cqxswkzazfhgsevmmb2hwlm