ANALYSIS OF EFFECTS OF CIGARETTE SMOKING AMONG LOCAL POPULATION OF PAKISTAN

Syeda Aiman Zahra Naqvi Mubbarik Hussain
2019 Zenodo  
In the present era, cigarette smoking is a major but preventable cause of death. Despite being aware of its harmful and hazardous effects, many young adults begin experimenting with cigarettes at a very early age and then adopt it as a regular habit. Objectives of the study: The basic aim of the study is to analyze the effects of cigarette smoking among local population of Pakistan. It is basically aimed to provide the awareness to the local population of Pakistan regarding hazardous of
more » ... azardous of smoking. Material and methods: This study is conducted in Government Mian Meer Hospital, Lahore during February 2019 to August 2019. This study was done in medical and pulmonology ward of Mayo hospital and all the patients who were admitted in these wards was selected for this study. Results: In all, 100 participants were found to be currently smoking, giving an overall prevalence of current smoking to be 24.6% (95% CI 21.90 - 27.49) in the study population. History of ever smoking was reported by 31.5% participants (95% CI 28.57 - 34.59). More male participants were found to be currently smoking 40.1% in comparison to females 8.8%, and the association between tobacco smoking and gender was statistically significant (P < 0.001). Conclusion: It is concluded that most of the people started smoking in young age due to environmental and social factors. It is also observed that smoking has also shown a rising trend with age emphasizing that initiation into the habit may occur at any age and not just among young people.
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3565915 fatcat:2gqobqs6rjecdpphfhvrwuykri