L'organisation des circuits d'approvisionnement en lait de la ville de N'Djamena (Tchad)

M-O Koussou, G Patrice
2013 Journal of Applied Biosciences  
Mian-Oudanang et Grimaud.... J. Appl. Biosci. 2013. L'organisation des circuits d'approvisionnement en lait à N'Djamena The organization of milk supply circuits in the city of N'Djamena (Chad) Abstract Objective: The objective of the study is to understand the organization and operation of the supply chains of local dairy products in the city of N'Djamena in. Methodology and results: This study was conducted using a semi-structured survey. The information was collected from the players involved
more » ... he players involved in the different circuits i.e. Consumers, collectors, vendors, processors and producers. The results showed that the consumption by households of local and imported dairy products depends on the eating habits and the level of household income. Dairy products consumption outside the home Journal of Applied Biosciences 62: 4653 -4664 ISSN 1997-5902 Mian-Oudanang et Grimaud.... J. Appl. Biosci. 2013. L'organisation des circuits d'approvisionnement en lait à N'Djamena 4654 is booming thanks to the success of rayeb, a fermented whole milk product distributed mainly by milk bars in the city. The market analysis showed that dynamic and complementary industries supply the city with local dairy products like fresh milk, sour milk and camel milk. Among them, the cow "fresh milk" industry is composed of micro-enterprises collecting and processing milk. The growth of camel milk industry is related to the specificity of this product which does not enter in competition with the cow's milk. This milk is consumed by the populations originating in the pastoral zones of the north of the country. Conclusion and Application: The study highlighted the role of farming and agro-pastoral systems in the supply of the city of N'Djamena with local milk. An ambitious policy aimed at removing technical and economic constraints of a highly seasonal milk production must be put in place to sustain the value chain.
doi:10.4314/jab.v62i0.86149 fatcat:jsxlz7ek3fhu3dsc6cms6ve3b4