Improving Mechanical and Corrosion Behavior of 5052 Aluminum Alloy Processed by Cyclic Extrusion Compression

Jianxin Wu, Faramarz Djavanroodi, Mahmoud Shamsborhan, Shokouh Attarilar, Mahmoud Ebrahimi
2022 Metals  
The severe plastic deformation approach and its well-known cyclic extrusion compression (CEC) method have been established as a powerful tool for fabricating bulk ultrafine-grained metals and alloys with improved properties. Objective This study focused on the microstructure evolution, hardness behavior, and corrosion properties of the CEC-processed Al5052 up to four passes compared to the initial annealed state. Methods The initial and CEC-processed Al5052 samples at different pass numbers
more » ... examined experimentally by EBSD analyses, hardness measurements, and corrosion resistance. Results Substantial grain refinement was attained from 23 µm for the annealed sample to 0.8 µm in the four passes sample. In addition, the hardness values considerably increased up to 75.7% after four passes from the initial value of 80 HV. In addition, the increment of pass numbers led to a more uniform dispersion of hardness values. Furthermore, the production of more stable protective oxide layers on the UFG structure of the CEC-processed sample led to the improvement in electrochemical response with a corrosion rate reduction from 1.49 to 1.02 mpy, respectively, in the annealed and final pass CEC-processed samples. In fact, the annealed sample manifested more large-sized and deeper pits than the CECed samples due to the increment of potential values and electrochemical attack of chlorine ions that finally deteriorates the corrosion performance. Conclusions CEC is an efficient method to improve the mechanical properties of materials due to substantial microstructural changes along with enhancement of electrochemical behavior because of the presence of small-sized and shallow pits.
doi:10.3390/met12081288 fatcat:7ac64ysztbcfhfgbvxeflokg2q