Mauritius: Unemployment and the Role of Institutions

James Y. Yao, Calvin A. McDonald
2003 IMF Working Papers  
The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate. Despite strong economic growth, a "U"-curve unemployment phenomenon in Mauritius can be observed. Unemployment plunged from 21 percent to less than 4 percent between the early 1980s and the early 1990s, but this trend was reversed and the rate
more » ... versed and the rate increased to 10 percent by end-2002. This paper provides an analytical framework to explain this development. The growth of higher-skilled sectors coupled with rigidities in the labor market seem to account for the observed unemployment behavior. Policy makers can improve employment prospects by not only investing in education to reduce skills mismatch but also by reforming the pay-setting institutions. JEL Classification Numbers: J20, J64, E23, O33
doi:10.5089/9781451874860.001 fatcat:po55tnwfvfculkhqjumv5mjgl4