Seawater Bittern a Precursor for Magnesium Chloride Separation: Discussion and Assessment of Case Studies

Abdel Aal Hussein, Khaled Zohdy, Maha Abdelkreem
2017 International Journal of Waste Resources  
In te rnation a l J o u rn al of W a s te R es ourc e s Abstract Sea water bitterns (SWB) are encountered in the processes of desalination and sea-salt production where large quantities of bitterns and brines are produced, either as by-products, or as waste products. They could be described as "exhausted brines". In theory, for every ton of sea-salt produced about one cubic meter of bittern is produced and is available for further processing. To exploit valuable salt products, in particular
more » ... , in particular MgCl2 from sea water in desalination plants and/or salt production, various methods were carried out, in particular by the author and his colleagues. Mainly they consist in applying the physical concept of preferential-type of salt separation, where Mg Cl2 is the most soluble salt, will separate at the very end. An experimental work was initiated by Kettani and Abdel-Aal and extended by Abdel-Aal et al. Two case studies are presented and discussed in this paper.
doi:10.4172/2252-5211.1000267 fatcat:23rh23flsfcu3dvy22kqjkleaa