A 24.88 nV/√Hz Wheatstone Bridge Readout Integrated Circuit with Chopper-Stabilized Multipath Operational Amplifier

Kwonsang Han, Hyungseup Kim, Jaesung Kim, Donggeun You, Hyunwoo Heo, Yongsu Kwon, Junghoon Lee, Hyoungho Ko
2020 Applied Sciences  
This paper proposes a low noise readout integrated circuit (IC) with a chopper-stabilized multipath operational amplifier suitable for a Wheatstone bridge sensor. The input voltage of the readout IC changes due to a change in input resistance, and is efficiently amplified using a three-operational amplifier instrumentation amplifier (IA) structure with high input impedance and adjustable gain. Furthermore, a chopper-stabilized multipath structure is applied to the operational amplifier, and a
more » ... pple reduction loop (RRL) in the low frequency path (LFP) is employed to attenuate the ripple generated by the chopper stabilization technique. A 12-bit successive approximation register (SAR) analog-to-digital converter (ADC) is employed to convert the output voltage of the three-operational amplifier IA into digital code. The Wheatstone bridge readout IC is manufactured using a standard 0.18 µm complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) technology, drawing 833 µA current from a 1.8 V supply. The input range and the input referred noise are ±20 mV and 24.88 nV/√Hz, respectively.
doi:10.3390/app10010399 fatcat:cqclrw3dnnglvh3yzsh5o4ukhy