The accuracy of the Ishii score chart in predicting sarcopenia in the elderly community in Chengdu
Background Sarcopenia is a disorder associated with age that reduces the mass of skeletal muscles, the strength of muscles, and/or physical activity. It increases the risk of fall incidence which can result in fractures, hospitalizations, limited movement, and considerably decreased quality of life. Hence, it is needed to explore candidate screening tools to evaluate sarcopenia in the initial phases. The reported studies have been revealed that the sensitivity and specificity of the Ishii score
... of the Ishii score chart are higher. However, the Ishii score chart is principally based on the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) consensus. Recently, the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia (AWGS) 2019 consensus has updated its diagnostic criteria for sarcopenia,which was previously similar to the EWGSOP. Hence, it is necessary to determine whether the Ishii score chart is appropriate for use among the elderly population in China. The current study aimed to validate the precision of the Ishii score chart, within the Chinese old aged community to establish an effective model for the evaluation of sarcopenia. Methods The AWGS2019 sarcopenia diagnostic criteria were used as a standard, and among the elderly community, the accuracy of the Ishii score chart was determined by using indicators, including specificity, sensitivity, negative and positive predictive values, negative and positive likelihood ratios, Youden index, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results In the elderly Chengdu community, the prevalence rate of sarcopenia was 18.38 %, 19.91 % for males and 16.91 % for females. The Ishii score chart predicts sarcopenia at an AUC value of 0.84 with 95 % confidence interval (CI), ranging between 0.80 and 0.89 for females, and at an AUC value of 0.81 with 95 % CI, ranging between 0.75 and 0.86 for males.According to the original cut-off, which was set at 120 points for females, the corresponding sensitivity was 46.91 % and the specificity was 93.22 %. The 105 cut-off points (original) set for males revealed a corresponding sensitivity of 64.94 % and the specificity of 85.46 %. However, the original cut-off value exhibited low sensitivity, hence, we selected a new cut-off value. With the new cut-off value, the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values for sarcopenia were 75.31 %, 79.9 %, 43 %, and 94 % for females, and 70.65 %, 81.35 %, 49 %, and 92 % for males, respectively. Conclusions The Ishii score chart was used for the prediction of sarcopenia in the old-age people of the Chengdu community and the obtained results showed a high value of predictability. Hence, more than 95 and 102 points were suggested for males and females, accordingly which can set to be the diagnostic cut-off values for the prediction of sarcopenia.