Selected Issues for Nutrition and the Athlete
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
Nutrition for sport is the provision of essential nutrients, including fuels and fluids, to provide energy for training, competition, recovery, and general health and wellness. The intake versus expenditure of these essential nutrients will be called energy balance. Optimum performance is promoted by adequate energy intake. GOAL The goal of this document is to help the team physician understand selected nutrition issues to advise athletes on issues related to health and optimal performance.
... al performance. SUMMARY This document provides an overview of selected medical issues that are important to team physicians who are responsible for the care and treatment of athletes. It is not intended as a standard of care and should not be interpreted as such. This document is only a guide and, as such, is of a general nature, consistent with the reasonable, objective practice of the healthcare profession. Adequate insurance should be in place to help protect the physician, the athlete, and the sponsoring organization. This statement was developed by a collaboration of six major professional associations concerned about clinical sports medicine issues; they have committed to forming an ongoing project-based alliance to bring together sports medicine organizations to best serve active people and athletes. Colorado Springs, CO General Nutrition for Athletes Nutrition for sport is the provision of essential nutrients, including both fluids and fuels, to provide energy for training, competition, recovery, and general health and wellness. Athletes can meet 100% of their dietary needs from a wellbalanced nutrition plan that addresses performance, hydration, recovery, and health. In athletes with certain medical conditions (e.g., iron, calcium, and vitamin D deficiency), supplementation may be beneficial. In this area of sports medicine, a sports dietitian (registered dietitian [RD] and preferably a board certified specialist sports dietetics [CSSD]) can be a member of the athletic care network. While many offer sports nutrition advice, an RD has met the minimum educational and training requirements of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, formerly the American Dietetic Association. Only an RD can practice as a sports dietitian (1). Athletes need to consume adequate energy (in the form of calories) to maintain or modify body weight and maximize health and training effects (1). Inadequate energy intake can result in muscle loss, increased risk of fatigue, increased risk of injury and illness, and prolonged recovery process. Excess energy intake can result in weight gain, which may increase body fat resulting in increased fatigue, risk of injury, and poor performance. SPECIAL COMMUNICATIONS