A CASE OF HYBRID VERRUCOUS CARCINOMA WITH LYMPH NODE METASTASIS: A RARE CASE REPORT

Anjali Sharma, Deshant Agarwal, Praveena Vyas
2020 Indian Journal of Case Reports  
Verrucous carcinoma (VC) constitutes around 2-16% of total oral carcinomas. It tends to recur; however, lymph node metastasis is a rare finding. There are around 20% of VC cases associated with dysplasia/minimal invasion. Different names were used by many authors for those in-between varieties of VC. The clinical data, biological behavior, and histopathological features for that in-between variety of VC are not clearly defined. The previous case reports of VC with lymph node metastasis were
more » ... metastasis were attributed to the presence of dysplasia/minimal invasive component, along with pure VC. In this case report, we discuss pure VC and in-between varieties of VC. A universal name should be used for those lesions and should be incorporated in the World Health Organization classification. Careful examination of VC biopsy is mandatory to rule out any focal area of dysplasia/microinvasion as they suggest the probability of nodal metastasis. Metastasis in verrucous carcinoma : Is it time to redefine it? Vol 6 | Issue 7 | July 2020 Indian J Case Reports 394 Metastasis in verrucous carcinoma: Is it time to redefine it? Vol 6 | Issue 7 | July 2020 Indian J Case Reports 395 CONCLUSION All VC cases should be thoroughly sampled and carefully studied for dysplasia/minimal invasion, as these features suggest the probability of nodal metastasis. We recommend a separate and uniform terminology with proper histopathological guidelines for those lesions so that its clinical behavior, histopathological features, prognosis, and treatment plan would be established.
doi:10.32677/ijcr.2020.v06.i07.014 fatcat:wwqjudwlgjbsji6wzobljc5emy