Assessing Temperature Tolerance in Ninespine Stickleback (Pungitius pungitius) in Response to Climate Change [article]

Teresa Tufts, University Of Calgary, University Of Calgary, Sean M. Rogers
Temperature is the most important environmental factor influencing fish abundance and distribution but, as temperatures rise globally, the consequences for fishes remains largely unknown. I used populations of ninespine stickleback (Pungitius pungitius) from the northern and southern parts of their range in a common environment to characterize thermal traits in association with varying temperatures. Cold tolerance differed between populations but heat tolerance did not. Furthermore, juveniles
more » ... monstrated less tolerance for temperature extremes. When incubated at elevated temperatures, populations exhibited higher plasticity in cold tolerance compared to heat tolerance. Plasticity in heat tolerance was associated with a number of trade-offs. The data suggest that cold tolerance is locally adapted and phenotypically plastic while heat tolerance is conserved and phenotypically restricted in this species. My thesis highlights the need for the inclusion of various life stages, time scales, and biotic interactions in climate change research to better predict its impacts on fishes.
doi:10.11575/prism/32655 fatcat:plbcc6aj6nhofnpsekdh7jtumi