Administrative Reform in International Organizations: The Case of the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS

Olivier Nay
2009 Social Science Research Network  
This paper focuses on the causal factors, organizational processes, and side effects of administrative reforms launched within the United Nations system, in the field of HIV and AIDS. It is based on an empirical analysis of the UNAIDS Programme, an interorganizational system bringing together ten UN agencies to combat the worldwide epidemic, with the support of a Secretariat. Firstly, the paper argues that the administrative reform of UNAIDS was unlikely to have come from the UN organizations
more » ... emselves, although the Programme was expected to lead these organizations to better coordinate and harmonize their AIDS strategies. Secondly, it identifies three external factors that have led UN organizations to reform their governance mechanisms and procedures. Thirdly, it explores the conditions under which the reform of UNAIDS has been implemented since 2005, with particular attention to the Secretariat that has become involved as an active "reform entrepreneur." Finally, it identifies some of the unexpected effects of the reform, with a particular emphasis on competition between UN agencies, organizational complexity, and bureaucratization. The concluding remarks argue that when analyzing administrative reforms within international organizations, one should investigate the interrelations between the external pressures that drive reforms and the activity of reform entrepreneurs.
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2283080 fatcat:iqyullljybhdhkjke7pd4zny3a