Random Changes of Flow Topology in Two-Dimensional and Geophysical Turbulence

Freddy Bouchet, Eric Simonnet
2009 Physical Review Letters  
We study the two dimensional (2D) stochastic Navier Stokes (SNS) equations in the inertial limit of weak forcing and dissipation. The stationary measure is concentrated close to steady solutions of the 2D Euler equation. For such inertial flows, we prove that bifurcations in the flow topology occur either by changing the domain shape, the nonlinearity of the vorticity-stream function relation, or the energy. Associated to this, we observe in SNS bistable behavior with random changes from
more » ... changes from dipoles to unidirectional flows. The theoretical explanation being very general, we infer the existence of similar phenomena in experiments and in models of geophysical flows.
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.102.094504 pmid:19392527 fatcat:urnuzccnyrabjntrnmi677xqmm